Что такое турбийон.
Устройство, запатентованное в 1801 году Абрахамом-Луи Бреге и предназначенное для компенсации гравитационных воздействий на часовой механизм.
Представляет собой вращающуюся каретку со спуском внутри.
Каретка совершает один оборот в минуту и теоретически выравнивает погрешности колебаний баланса, вызванные влиянием силы земного притяжения.
Поскольку Бреге разрабатывал турбийон для карманных часов, почти всегда пребывающих в вертикальном положении, целесообразность его присутствия в наручных часах у многих вызывает сомнение.
Однако сложность конструкции турбийона и его красота делают это усложнение одним из самых вожделенных.
В наше время появились и наручные конструкции турбийонов с двумя и тремя каретками и с каретками, расположенными под наклоном по отношению к платине Jaeger-LeCoultre, Girard-Perregaux, Greubel Forsey, Franck Muller и другие.
Часто турбийоны дополняются устройствами постоянной силы см.
Ракета Полярные первая серьезная отечественная реплика.
Марка Ракета спустя 50 лет объявила о возобновлении производства легендарных среди коллекционеров часов Полярные .
Откликаясь на беспрецедентное для часовых производителей событие, Часовой Алфавит рассказывает, чем российская реплика отличается от швейцарского винтажа .
Крысиное нашествие 8 часов к Новому году по лунному календарю.
Даже если вам не очень симпатичен символ наступившего года, оцените редкие художественные техники métiers d art и технические решения, которые использовали часовые марки в своих релизах к этому событию.
Проникшись символизмом момента, Часовой Алфавит отобрал восемь счастливое в Восточной Азии число образцов.
Желая показать, что ничто человеческое нам не чуждо, Часовой Алфавит предлагает переложение малоизвестной истории о предпринятой маркой Rolex в годы Второй мировой войны гуманитарной акции в отношении британских военнопленных.
Кому-то она покажется неправдоподобной, но человеческая вера в чудеса накануне Рождества неистребима, не правда ли.
Все, что вы хотели знать о марке Tudor и ее пришествии в Россию.
Следящие за новостями читатели уже наверняка слышали о выходе марки Tudor на российский рынок.
Часовой Алфавит дождался объявления розничных цен и сделал однозначный вывод, что брать Tudor надо.
Zenith El Primero калибр в контексте времени.
Широкая публика обычно не помнит названий часовых механизмов, так как все лавры достаются оснащенными ими часам.
Исключение автоматический высокочастотный механизм с интегрированным хронографом El Primero мануфактуры Zenith.
Революционный для своего времени калибр находится в строю уже полвека и за это время успел оживить немало легендарных часов.
Все о самых дорогих часах в мире подоплека успеха Patek Philippe Grandmaster Chime.
Выполняя взятое обещание, Часовой Алфавит рассказывает об уникальных Patek Philippe Grandmaster Chime Ref.
6300A-010, оцененных на благотворительном аукционе Only Watch в исторически рекордную для часов сумму 31 млн франков.
А заодно пытается объяснить, почему покупатель заплатил такие астрономические деньги.
How to identify 3 types of tourbillons.
Today we get to tell you all about tourbillon complication and answer all the most common questions about tourbillons.
A tourbillon is a mechanism found in certain high-end mechanical watches.
It is both hypnotic and fascinating to watch and watches with tourbillons are usually a bit expensive compared to watches without them.
They are not the most common complication that you ll find on a watch, but certainly one of the most entertaining.
What Does a Tourbillon Look Like.
Sometimes an unsavvy watch dealer might mistake a watch with a semi-skeletonized dial showing a visible balance wheel known as an Open Heart for a tourbillon.
Be sure to read further to learn how to quickly identify a genuine tourbillon watch when you see one and avoid running into a disastrous nightmare.
Why Do Some Watches Have Tourbillons.
The purpose of a tourbillon is to address an issue that many mechanical watches have with regards to the way physics affects precision and accuracy.
Gravity is a force that creates a drag on watch s movement when they are in certain positions.
How Does a Tourbillon Watch Work.
One of the most challenging things watchmakers face when regulating a watch is the effects that gravity plays in the caliber or movement.
A tourbillon acts as the way to counter the drag effect that gravity plays on some of the smaller components in a watch s escapement when held in certain positions.
A tourbillon places certain parts of the watches internal mechanics, the balance wheel and escapement into a rotating cage.
The escapement is a component of the movement which is comprised of the hairspring, balance wheel, and pallet fork.
The tourbillon watch will then slowly rotate this cage holding the escapement, usually at a rate of 1 RPM, and this mechanism counteracts the adverse effects that gravity creates when the watch is in certain positions and helps to iron out positional errors in accuracy.
The video below demonstrates how the escapement is mounted onto the tourbillon s cage and also depicts how it steadily rotates the escapement around the cage.
Who Invented the Tourbillon.
It was 1795 when Abraham-Louis Breguet developed the mechanical mechanism AKA complication that we call the tourbillon.
Breguet was also famous for inventing other revolutionary devices in watchmaking such as the rotor that we find in self-winding, automatic watches.
It s no surprise that many Breguet watches often have tourbillons.
The word tourbillon is a French term which means whirlwind.
If you take one close look at a tourbillon watch in action, then the name makes perfect sense.
It has a mesmerizing spiral motion that can be quite hypnotic.
What is the World s Thinnest Tourbillon.
BVLGARI released the world s thinnest tourbillon in the Bulgari Octo Finissimo Tourbillon which uses the ultra-thin Bulgari in-house manufactured Caliber BVL 268 shown below.
The 11-jewel movement is only 1.
95mm thick and has an approximate power reserve of 55 hours.
Are There Different Types of Tourbillons.
Tourbillons have evolved quite a bit since they were first invented.
In fact, there are quite a few types of tourbillons.
Some luxury watchmakers are really creative in the way they implement a tri-axial tourbillon.
Below you will find a few video examples of some of the more innovative ones.
Double-Axis Triple-Axis Tourbillons.
A multi-axis tourbillon is an innovation to the traditional tourbillon mechanism where the escapement is mounted in a cage that is rotated on more than one axis.
A triple-axis tourbillon also known as a tri-axial tourbillon is a tourbillon that rotates on three different axes.
A double-axis tourbillon only rotates on two axes.
Wasn t that sweet.
Below is another triple-axis tourbillon v .
Double and Quadruple Tourbillons.
A double or quadruple tourbillon is a watch that has more than one tourbillon complication such as the Greubel Forsey Quadruple Tourbillon À Différentiel Sphérique featured in the video below.
A flying tourbillon is mounted differently than a traditional tourbillon.
Most are mounted with a support system such as a bridge or cock on both sides.
What makes the flying tourbillon different is that is supported from only one side.
Should You Get a Tourbillon Watch.
Yes but only if you can handle a whole lot of watch.
A tourbillon is a serious watch and will draw lots of attention to your wrist.
Many collectors would consider their tourbillon watches to be some of their most prized possessions.
So to answer the question Only get one if you think you can handle it.
Swiss Made Tourbillons.
For the most part, tourbillons are highly associated with Swiss watches as they were invented by a Swiss watchmaker and are to this day predominantly manufactured in Switzerland.
There are other countries though that produce them but few that can make them anywhere near as well as the way the Swiss watchmakers.
There are, however, a few exceptions.
Possibly the only country that produced high-quality tourbillons is Saxon-German watchmakers in the watchmaking town south of Dresden called Glashutte, Germany.
Many Swiss watchmakers make tourbillons, and they are usually quite costly.
However, there are some that are more affordable than others.
Recently, TAG Heuer released the Carrera 02T Tourbillon Chronograph which is considered to be the most affordable high quality, in-house tourbillon from a respected Swiss watch brand.
Click here to read the review or watch our in-house video demo below to see it in action.
German Made Tourbillons.
A few noteworthy German watchmakers that produce high-quality tourbillon complications are Lange Sohne and Glashutte Original.
These are two watches from highly respected watchmakers that manufacture excellent tourbillons.
A Lange Sohne Richard Lange Tourbillon Pour le Merite – Read the review below .
Glashutte Original Senator Sixties Square Tourbillon.
Still can t get enough tourbillons.
Click the button below for a few more.
So What Is It.
The ultra-complicated part was originally built to fight gravity.
Now, it s extremely valuable proof a watch is special.
Reading about watches can often feel like cracking open a textbook.
Browsing and even buying means being barraged with inscrutable words and phrases like tourbillons, perpetual calendars, minute repeaters, and so on.
So here, we ll be breaking down the meaning, history, and importance of different watch terms.
Welcome to GQ s Watch Glossary.
Even if you don t know much about watches, you might know what a tourbillon does to one it adds a couple extra zeros to a timepiece s value.
Last year, Tag Heuer made headlines when it unveiled an affordable tourbillon watch.
The piece cost 20,000.
The tourbillon was once a breakthrough in watchmaking, but today, like spinners on a Hummer, is more useful for showing off.
How did we get here.
The tourbillon was invented by watchmaker Abraham-Louis Breguet around 1795, during the era of the pocket watch.
Unlike the modern wristwatch, a pocket watch typically remained in two positions vertical in a pocket or horizontal on a table.
Breguet discovered that gravity pulled on the time-telling mechanisms in the watch the balance wheel and hairspring, originally a coil of steel or gold that swung like a pendulum and kept time and created imperfections.
In his fight against gravity, Breguet created a cage that could hold all the pieces necessary for keeping time.
He made it so that cage rotated in a circle, effectively preventing gravity from yanking the spring too far in one direction.
Now, it s an incredibly complicated mechanism made up of roughly 70 different parts that live inside the diameter almost half that of a dime.
The whole thing is typically placed right on the dial, where the rotating gears can easily be called on to impress whoever s looking at a timepiece.
But the tourbillon didn t truly catch on until about two centuries after its invention.
Watches powered by quartz were invented in the 1980s they were much more accurate, and powered by batteries that kept ticking without interruption much longer than any mechanical watch.
All of a sudden all the mechanical movements became much less precise than the quartz, said Stephane Belmont, Jaeger-LeCoultre s director of heritage.
The movement is the heart of the watch, the series of pieces that keep it ticking.
Plus, wristwatches strapped onto flailing arms didn t have the same problems with gravity as their pocket-bound predecessors.
So, in response to the so-called Quartz Crisis, watchmakers started relying on beauty, more than precision, to sell their watches.
To wear a watch with a tourbillon was a sign that you would wear a very high-level watch and that you have something quite special, Belmont said.
That s how actually it became much more attractive and much more popular.
People knew if you had a tourbillon on the wrist it means you have a mechanical watch.
Wearers weren t the only who used the tourbillon to show off.
Watchmakers, too, used the tourbillon as an excuse to flaunt their skill and ability to assemble dozens of parts inside a tiny space.
Jaeger-LeCoultre, for example, upped the ante on a tourbillon that rotated on a single axis with the gyrotourbillon, which rotates around like a globe.
Luckily for modern watchmakers, Breguet s invention wasn t just practical in its time but mesmerizing over 220 years later.
Today, quartz isn t even the greatest threat to mechanical watches.
Most people now carry a device around in their pockets that knows the exact time, down to the second.
The tourbillon s greatest advantage isn t that it keeps time well, but that it does so beautifully.
Why Do Tourbillons Cost a Small Fortune.
In the late 1700s, famed watchmaker Abraham-Louis Breguet came to the realization that gravity was having ill effects on the accuracy of his timepieces.
Horology at the time was confined to the pocket watch, which was constantly stored vertically in the user s pocket, then stored on a table horizontally.
Spending the majority of its time stuck in that vertical and horizontal orientation put strain on the hairspring inside the escapement, causing it to oscillate at an irregular rate, decreasing the accuracy of the watch.
Breguet s solution was to create an escapement that was constantly in a state of motion.
Called the tourbillon French for whirlwind , the escapement is housed in a rotating cage that, because of the constant motion, averages out the effect of gravity when the watch is stuck in different positions.
Breguet s invention worked for the pocket watch.
But wristwatches, with the wrist s constant movement, naturally offer the same gravity-fighting effect as the tourbillon mechanism.
In fact, it has been proven that tourbillons are not any more accurate than a traditional escapement on a wristwatch, and are in some cases even less so.
In spite of the tourbillon s uselessness, they ve remained common among the uppermost echelon of the watch market.
Most Swiss-made examples start at around 40,000 and price tags often break the six-figure barrier.
This is because tourbillons are arguably one the most difficult movement to make by hand.
The tourbillon mechanism is tiny, weighing in at under a gram, and is usually crafted with more than 40 parts, finished by hand and made from lightweight metals like aluminum and titanium.
They require a special set of tools and a lot of time to make.
For example, just to make a single A.
Lange it costs 15,000.
It seems TAG Heuer has found a way to make the tourbillon affordable.
Visually, the tourbillon inside the Heuer-02T is simpler and lacks the polishing of more astronomically priced tourbillons from haute horology brands like A.
Lange Söhne, DeWitt or Girard-Perregaux.
TAG Heuer said it cut down the cost of tourbillon manufacturing through the perfect mastery of industrial processes and manufacturing costs.
In spite of the tourbillon s uselessness, they ve remained common among the uppermost echelon of the watch market.
TAG hasn t disclosed what specifically that mastery is, but the company isn t the only one to make tourbillon manufacturing cost effective.
In the past decade or so, manufacturers of calibers in China have managed to create even more affordable tourbillon movements.
Tianjin Seagull manufactures a three-hand tourbillon that retails for under 5,000.
Meanwhile the Hangzhou Watch Company makes its own tourbillon movements that sell in watches like the AATOS Tiago for hundreds rather than thousands.
These manufacturers have been able to make affordable tourbillons by streamlining manufacturing and utilizing less traditional production processes.
Today we have production methods which allow us to produce spare parts in extremely high precision and acceptable quality, independent haute watchmaker Thomas Prescher said in an interview with Europa Star.
So it is already possible to have extremely cheap tourbillons from the Far East for about 250.
So, if the value of a tourbillon stems from the fact that it is essentially art painstakingly crafted expressions of the pinnacle of watchmaking, even if they don t have any real useful function affordability comes at the cost of creating a less complex and less beautiful timepiece.
It renders a mostly pointless movement entirely pointless.
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